IIT-Delhi researchers innovate high-efficiency, shadow-less solar PV towers
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi have announced that it has developed high efficiency, is shadow-less (solar panels at the bottom are not shadowed by the top panels), and auto-rotating Solar PV towers for photovoltaic power generation in each area throughout the day.
The developed 'non-mechanical' and 'mechanical' tracking solar PV towers with reflection concentration are viable for all Indian seasons of the year with high energy density (energy per footprint area, kWh/m2).
Moreover, the 'mechanical' tracking Solar PV tower is portable i.e. the entire unit can be mounted on a truck, made functional, and taken anywhere to generate power.
Developed by the research team led by Physicist Professor Dalip Singh Mehta, the space-saving 'non-mechanical' and 'mechanical' tracking solar PV towers of 3kW and 5kW capacity, are scalable to higher capacity with the concept of solar tower array (green energy field). "They are useful for Electric Vehicle charging stations, rooftop high-efficiency solar power generation for independent Houses/ Schools/ Hospitals/ Shops/ Telecom Towers/IT sector and more, vehicle-mounted solar tower with solar tracking for power generation can be utilized for agriculture purpose (Agri-photovoltaics) such as solar water pumping, charging the battery for tractors, etc," the release said.
Both the systems are patented by IIT Delhi and licensed to Banglore and Mumbai-based EP Sunsol Private Limited for commercial installation. EP Sunsol has already deployed the developed systems at Chennai, IIT Delhi, and Navi Mumbai of 3kW, 4kW, and 5kW, respectively," it said.
"After intensive research, we got success in arriving at the lightweight and cost-effective novel design on mounting Solar PV towers along with high reflectivity mirrors to follow the Sun movement. Both non-mechanical and mechanical solar towers can generate 20-25 percent and 25-30 percent more power respectively while utilizing only 50-60 percent rooftop space compare to conventional solutions," Professor Dalip Singh Mehta said.
Non-Mechanical Tracking Solar Tower: The solar panels along with high reflectivity mirrors are vertically mounted in a particular way (based on location/city) that they fall in the line-of-sight of the Sun during the morning, mid-day, and evening hours, hence leading to high-efficiency solar power generation. The mounting methodology helps to generate more power during non-peak hours of the Sun i.e. 9 am to 11 am and 2 pm to 5 pm in addition to peak hours 11 pm to 2 pm, according to the release.
The mirrors/reflectors deployed in this solution boost the irradiance on solar panels during the entire day i.e., 8 am – 5 pm. The percentage of increase of solar irradiance onto the solar panels is more than 50 percent thus maintaining 1000 W/m2 from 9 am– 4 pm. Due to this increase in solar irradiance from 9 a.m. – 4 p.m. the increase in the amount of power generated is 20-25 percent compared to the conventional mounting of solar panels.
Mechanical Tracking Solar Tower: The solar PV tower with reflectors have a low-cost programmable electro-mechanical system to rotate the solar tower horizontally. Single/double towers are mounted in such a mechanism where the whole system with panels and reflectors follows the direction of the Sun. The panels start the day facing the East direction and end the day in the west direction. By the next morning, the panels return to their East facing position to start a new day. The innovative tracking system developed by IIT Delhi does not require any LDR sensors, requires only single-axis tracking, and consumes very low power drawn by the same Solar Tower, it added.
Along with Professor Dalip Singh Mehta, Dr. Mayank Gupta, Mr. Virendra Kumar (Department of Physics), Mr. Masood Ali (SeNSE), and Mr. Sanjay Ambwani (Design Department) were part of the IIT Delhi research team. The EP Sunsol Team, which did the installation comprised of Mahadevan R and Dr. Hitesh Mehta.